General Linguistics
Internet Resources


Linguistics


Links to Internet resources for linguistics

The Linguist List, Eastern Michigan University - Wayne State University
http://linguistlist.org/

Guia temàtica de Traducció i Ciències del Llenguatge, Biblioteca de la Universitat Pompeu Fabra
http://guiesbibtic.upf.edu/trad

Manning, C., Linguistics, Natural Language and Computational Linguistics Meta-index, Natural Language Processing Group, Stanford University
http://nlp.stanford.edu/links/linguistics.html

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Dictionaries and glossaries

Cook, V. Linguistics and Language Glossary, Newcastle University
http://homepage.ntlworld.com/vivian.c/Linguistics/LinguisticsGlossary.htm

Kerstens, J. - Ruys, E. - Zwarts, J. (Eds.) Lexicon of Linguistics, Utrecht Institute of Linguistics OTS, Utrecht University
http://www2.let.uu.nl/UiL-OTS/Lexicon/

Loos, E. L. (Ed.) Glossary of Linguistic Terms, SIL International
http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/

Pountain, C. J., Glossary of Linguistic Terms, Queens College, Cambridge
http://webspace.qmul.ac.uk/cjpountain/linggloss.htm

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Bibliographies

Bibliographies, The Linguist List, Eastern Michigan University - Wayne State University
http://linguistlist.org/sp/GetWRListings.cfm?WRAbbrev=Bibs

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General resources

Lawler, J. Frequently asked questions about Linguistics, University of Michigan
http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jlawler/lingfaq.html

Linguistic resources, SIL International
http://www.sil.org/linguistics/resources.html

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Courses

Beaudoin, M., LINGQ200 Introduction à l’étude du langage, University of Alberta
http://www.ualberta.ca/~mbeaudoi/lingq200.htm

Gasser, M. How Language Works (edition 3.0). Computer Science Department, University of Indiana.
http://www.indiana.edu/~hlw/

Lawler, J., Linguistics 210 Introduction to Linguistic Analysis, Department of Linguistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jlawler/210.html

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Linguists

Émile Benveniste

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Émile Benveniste

Émile Benveniste - TITUS (Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien) Galeria
http://titus.uni-frankfurt.de/personal/galeria/benvenis.htm

Leonard Bloomfield

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Leonard Bloomfield

Noam Chomsky

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Noam Chomsky

Noam Chomsky, Department of Linguistics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA
http://web.mit.edu/linguistics/people/faculty/chomsky/index.html

chomsky.info, The Noam Chomsky website
https://chomsky.info

Morris Halle

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Morris Halle

Morris Halle, Linguistics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA
http://web.mit.edu/linguistics/people/faculty/halle/index.html

Charles Hockett

Gair, J. W. (2006). Charles Francis Hockett 1916-2000. A biographical memoir. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences.
http://www.nasonline.org/publications/biographical-memoirs/memoir-pdfs/hockett-charles.pdf

Roman Jakobson

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Roman Jakobson

Roman Jakobson, LingLinks, Department of Linguistics, Brigham Young University
http://www.ttt.org/linglinks/i_m.html

William Labov

William Labov, Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania
http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~wlabov/

Edward Sapir

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Edward Sapir

Darnell, R., & Irvine, J. T. (1997.). Edward Sapir. Biographical memoirs. National Academy of Sciences.
http://www.nasonline.org/publications/biographical-memoirs/memoir-pdfs/sapir-edward.pdf

Edward Sapir - TITUS (Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien) Galeria
http://titus.uni-frankfurt.de/personal/galeria/sapir.htm

Ferdinand de Saussure

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Ferdinand de Saussure

Saussurisme et sémiotiques, texto! Textes & Cultures, Institut Ferdinand de Saussure, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, Paris
http://www.revue-texto.net/index.php?id=60

Saussure, F. de, Third Course of Lectures on General Linguistics (1910-1911), A Miniature Library on Philosophy, Marxists Internet Archive
https://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/fr/saussure.htm

Ferdinand de Saussure - TITUS (Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien) Galeria
http://titus.uni-frankfurt.de/personal/galeria/saussure.htm

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Linguistics and language blogs

Language Log, Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/

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Language and languages

Language diversity and linguistic universals

Chung, S.& Pullum, G., Grammar, The Field of Linguistics, Linguistic Society of America
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/sites/default/files/Grammar.pdf

Sapir, E. (1921). Language. An introduction to the study of speech. New York: Harcourt Brace & World.
http://www.bartleby.com/186/

Biological aspects of language

Origins and evolution of language

Human evolution

Arsuaga, J.L., Claves de la evolución humana. Centro Nacional de Información y Comunicación Educativa, Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia
http://ntic.educacion.es/w3//eos/MaterialesEducativos/mem/claves_evolucion/index.html

Foley, J., Fossil Hominids: the evidence for human evolution, The TalkOrigins Archive
http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/

Sept, J., Human Origins and Evolution Homebase, Anthropology Department, Indiana University
http://www.indiana.edu/~origins/

Animal communication

Insects

Insects, Interdisciplinary Center for Bioacoustics, Università di Pavia
http://www-3.unipv.it/webcib/insec.html

Fishes

Fishes, Interdisciplinary Center for Bioacoustics, Università di Pavia
http://www-3.unipv.it/webcib/fish.html

Birds

The Alex Foundation, Communication and Intelligence of Parrots, I. M. Pepperberg, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson
http://alexfoundation.org/

Mammals

Mammals, Interdisciplinary Center for Bioacoustics, Università di Pavia
http://www-3.unipv.it/webcib/mamm.html

Cetaceans

Primates

The Jane Goodall Institute
http://www.janegoodall.org/

Primate-human communication

The Language Research Center, College of Arts and Sciences, Georgia State University
http://www2.gsu.edu/~wwwlrc/index.html

Friends of Washoe
http://www.friendsofwashoe.org/

Koko, The Gorilla Foundation
http://www.koko.org/

Do apes use language?, The Sounds of Language, The Why Files, University of Wisconsin
http://whyfiles.org/058language/ape_talk.html

Design features

Coleman, J. (n.d.). Language as animal communication. Oxford: Phonetics Laboratory, University of Oxford. Retrieved from http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/animals.htm

Language and the brain

Cairn, S., Language and Brain, The Field of Linguistics, Linguistic Society of America, 1997
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/resource/language-and-brain

Language acquisition

Christopher and language acquisition. K.A. Noone, newrationalism Channel, YouTube.
part 1; part 2; part 3; part 4.

Genie, The Secret of the Wild Child. Nova, 1994.
part 1; part 2; part 3; part 4; part 5; part 6.

Jeder für sich und Gott gegen alle [The enigma of Kaspar Hauser], Werner Herzog, 1974
Part 1; Part 2; Part 3; Part 4; Part 5; Part 6; Part 7; Part 8; Part 9; Part 10; Part 11; Part 12.

Languages of the world

Lewis, M. P., Simons, G. F., & Fennig, C. D. (Eds.). (2014). Ethnologue: Languages of the world (17th ed.). Dallas, TX: SIL International. Retrieved from http://www.ethnologue.com

Leclerc, J., Les grandes familles linguistiques du monde, L’aménagement linguistique dans le monde, TLFQ, Université Laval
http://www.axl.cefan.ulaval.ca/monde/familles.htm

The Rosseta Project- The Long Now Foundation
http://rosettaproject.org/

Pereltsvaig, A., Languages of the world. Exploring the rich diversity of human languages, Department of Linguistics, Stanford University
http://www.languagesoftheworld.info/

García-Miguel, J.M., Linguas do mundo e Tipoloxía lingüística, Área de Lingüística Xeral, Departamento de Traducción e Lingüística, Universidade de Vigo
http://sys.uvigo.es/ldm/

Links to Internet resources on the languages of the world

Language Links, Language Resources Area, The Linguist List, Eastern Michigan University - Wayne State University
http://linguistlist.org/sp/GetWRListings.cfm?wrtypeid=12

I love Languages, T. Chambers
http://www.ilovelanguages.com/

Language maps

Dryer, M.S., Language Family Maps, Department of Linguistics, University of Buffalo
http://wings.buffalo.edu/linguistics/people/faculty/dryer/dryer/family.maps

Veselinova, L., Language Maps Collection, Department of Linguistics, University of Stockholm
http://www2.ling.su.se/staff/ljuba/maps.html

Writing systems

Ager, S. (2013). Omniglot. The online encyclopedia of writing systems and languages. Retrieved from http://www.omniglot.com

Cook, V. (n.d.). Writing systems. Retrieved from http://homepage.ntlworld.com/vivian.c/index.htm

Lo, L. (2012). ancientscripts.com. A compendium of world-wide writing systems from prehistory to today. Retrieved from http://www.ancientscripts.com

PROEL. (n.d.). Alfabetos de ayer y de hoy. Madrid: PROEL, Promotora Española de Lingüística. Retrieved from http://www.proel.org/index.php?pagina=alfabetos

Egyptian hieroglyphs

The British Museum. (n.d.). Writing. Ancien egypt. London: The British Museum. Retrieved from http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/writing/home.html

Ross, K. L. (2011). The pronunciation of ancient egyptian. The proceedings of the Friesian School, fourth series. Retrieved from http://www.friesian.com/egypt.htm

Cuneiform

ETCSL. (2005). Cuneiform writing. The electronic text corpus of Sumerian literature. Oxford: Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Oxford. Retrieved from http://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/edition2/cuneiformwriting.php

Maya writing

FAMSI. (n.d.). Brief note about Maya hieroglyphic writing. Maya hieroglyphic writing. FAMSI, Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies. Retrieved from http://www.famsi.org/mayawriting/

Minority and Endangered Languages

Oficina del Comitè de Seguiment de la DUDL. (n.d.). Declaració universal dels drets lingüístics. Retrieved from http://www.linguistic-declaration.org

ELF. (n.d.). The Endangered Language Fund. New Haven, CT. Retrieved from http://www.endangeredlanguagefund.org

HRELP. (2013). The Hans Rausing endangered languages project. London: School of Oriental and African Languages, University of London. Retrieved from http://www.hrelp.org

OREL. (2013). OREL: Online resources for endangered languages. The Hans Rausing endangered languages project. London: School of Oriental and African Languages, University of London. Retrieved from http://www.hrelp.org/languages/resources/orel/

Euromosaic. (n.d.). Euromosaic . Barcelona: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya - Departament de Cultura, Generalitat de Catalunya. Retrieved from http://www.uoc.edu/euromosaic/

Ó Donnaíle, C. (2011). European minority languages. Sleat, Isle of Skye, Scotland: Sabhal Mòr Ostaig. Retrieved from http://www.smo.uhi.ac.uk/saoghal/mion-chanain/en/

LMP. (n.d.). UCLA language materials project. Teaching resources for less commonly taught languages. Los Angeles, CA: Center for World Languages, UCLA International Institute, University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved from http://www.lmp.ucla.edu

Woodbury, A. C. (n.d.). What is an endangered language? Washington, DC: Linguistic Society of America. Retrieved from http://www.linguisticsociety.org/sites/default/files/Endangered_Languages.pdf

Signed languages

CNSE, Confederación Estatal de Personas Sordas
http://www.cnse.es/

Biblioteca de Signos, Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
http://bib.cervantesvirtual.com/seccion/signos/

American Sign Language Linguistic Research Project, Boston University
http://www.bu.edu/asllrp/

National Center for Sign Language and Gesture Resources, Boston University
http://www.bu.edu/asllrp/ncslgr.html

Deaf Sign Language, Ethnologue: Languages of the World
http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/deaf-sign-language

Artificial languages

Rosenfeld, M. The language construction kit
http://www.zompist.com/kit.html

Constructed Human Languages Homepage
http://quetzal.bogarthome.net/conlang.html

Klingon Language Institute
http://www.kli.org/

Elvish Linguistic Fellowship
http://www.elvish.org/

Linguistic typology

García-Miguel, J.M., Linguas do mundo e Tipoloxía lingüística, Área de Lingüística Xeral, Departamento de Traducción e Lingüística, Universidade de Vigo
http://sys.uvigo.es/ldm/

ALT, Association for Linguistic Typology
http://www.linguistic-typology.org/

Dryer, M. S., & Haspelmath, M. (Eds.). (2013). The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthroplogy.
http://wals.info

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Language as a semiotic system

Ferdinand de Saussure

Semiotics and communication

Chandler, D., Semiotics for Beginners, Department of Education, University of Wales
http://visual-memory.co.uk/daniel/Documents/S4B/

Michelucci, P., Sites of significance for semiotics, Department of French, University of Toronto
http://french.chass.utoronto.ca/as-sa/EngSem1.html

Communication systems

Non verbal communication

Exploring Nonverbal Communication, University of California at Santa Cruz
http://nonverbal.ucsc.edu/

Tidwell, Ch. A. Non-verbal communication modes, School of Bussiness, Andrews University
https://www.andrews.edu/~tidwell/bsad560/NonVerbal.html

Givens, D.B. (2002) The Nonverbal Dictionary of Gestures, Signs and Body Language Cues. Spokane, Washington: Centre for Nonverbal Studies.
http://center-for-nonverbal-studies.org/6101.html

Martinell, E.- Ueda, H. Diccionario de gestos españoles. Versión Internet. Departamento de Español, Universidad de Tokio.
http://lecture.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~cueda/gakusyu/gestos/index.html

Language and culture

Edward Sapir

Minkel, J. R. (2002) A Way with Words. Do languages help mold the way we think? A controversial idea from the 1930s is getting a second look, Scientific American Explorations, March 25.
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/a-way-with-words/

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Phonetics

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Phonology

Roman Jakobson

Morris Halle

Gasser, M. (2006). Word forms: Processes. How language works. The cognitive science of linguistics 3.0. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University. Retrieved from http://www.indiana.edu/~hlw/PhonProcess/intro.html

Lessard, G. (1996). La phonologie. FREN 215: Introduction à la linguistique française. Kingston, Ontario: Études Françaises, Queen's University. Retrieved from http://post.queensu.ca/~lessardg/Cours/215/chap3.html

Liberman, M. (2003). Sound structure of language. Linguistics 001: Introduction to linguistics. Philadelphia, PA: Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved from http://www.ling.upenn.edu/courses/Fall_2003/ling001/phonology.html

Myers, S., & Crowhurst, M. (2006). Phonology: Case studies. Austin, TX: Department of Linguistics, University of Texas. Retrieved from http://www.laits.utexas.edu/phonology/index.html

UCSB. (n.d.). Introduction to segmental phonology. Santa Barbara, CA: Department of Linguistics, University of California Santa Barbara. Retrieved from http://www.linguistics.ucsb.edu/projects/featuresoftware/index.php

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Morphology

Leonard Bloomfield

Charles Hockett

Bender, B.W., Essays on Morphology, Department of Linguistics, University of Hawaïi
http://www2.hawaii.edu/~bender/toc.html

Bender, B.W., Morphological Paradoxes, Department of Linguistics, University of Hawaïi
http://www2.hawaii.edu/~bender/paradox.html

Bender, B.W., Morphological Processes, Department of Linguistics, University of Hawaïi
http://www2.hawaii.edu/~bender/process.html

Gasser, M., Grammatical categories. How Language Works (edition 3.0). Computer Science Department, University of Indiana.
http://www.indiana.edu/~hlw/Inflection/intro.html

Gasser, M., Derivation. How Language Works (edition 3.0). Computer Science Department, University of Indiana.
http://www.indiana.edu/~hlw/Derivation/intro.html

Lessard, G., La morphologie, Introduction à la linguistique française, Département d’Études Françaises, Queens University at Kingston
http://post.queensu.ca/~lessardg/Cours/215/chap4.html

Lessard, G., La morphologie dérivationnelle, Introduction à la linguistique française, Département d’Études Françaises, Queens University at Kingston
http://post.queensu.ca/~lessardg/Cours/215/chap5.html

Liberman, M., Morphology, Linguistics 001: Introduction to Linguistics, Linguistics Department, University of Pennsylvania
http://www.ling.upenn.edu/courses/Fall_2003/ling001/morphology.html

Dryer, M. S., & Haspelmath, M. (Eds.). (2013). The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthroplogy.
http://wals.info

Morphological analysers

Morphological analysis

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Lexicon

Lessard, G., La lexicologie, Introduction à la linguistique française, Département d’Études Françaises, Queens University at Kingston
http://post.queensu.ca/~lessardg/Cours/215/chap6.html

Lexical databases

Duchon, A., Perea, M., Sebastián-Gallés, N., Martí, M. A., & Carreiras, M. (2013). EsPal - Spanish Lexical Database. Donostia: Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language.
http://www.bcbl.eu/databases/espal/index.php

Guasch, M., Masip, A., Sunyer, E., & Boada, R. (2012). NIM. El buscador d’estímuls fet per i per a psicolingüistes. Tarragona: Departament de Psicologia, Universitat Rovira i Virgili.
http://psico.fcep.urv.es/utilitats/nim/

Guasch, M., Masip, A., Sunyer, E., & Boada, R. (2012). NIM. El buscador de estímulos hecho por y para psicolingüistas. Tarragona: Departament de Psicologia, Universitat Rovira i Virgili.
http://psico.fcep.urv.es/utilitats/nim/

MultiWordNet, Cognitive and Communication Technologies Division, Center for Scientific and Technological Research, Trento
http://multiwordnet.fbk.eu/english/home.php

WorNet, A Lexical Database for English, Department of Computer Science, Princeton University
http://wordnet.princeton.edu/

EuroWordNet Project, Basque, Catalan, English, Galician, Spanish
http://adimen.si.ehu.es/cgi-bin/wei/public/wei.consult.perl

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Syntax

Gasser, M. Sentences. How Language Works (edition 3.0). Computer Science Department, University of Indiana.
http://www.indiana.edu/~hlw/Sentences/intro.html

Gezundhajt, H., Analyse de la phrase, Sur les sentiers de la linguistique, Centre d’Études en Linguistique Française, Université de Toronto
http://www.linguistes.com/phrase/table.html

Lessard, G., La syntaxe, Introduction à la linguistique française, Département d’Études Françaises, Queens University at Kingston
http://post.queensu.ca/~lessardg/Cours/215/chap7.html

Santorini, B., Introduction to Syntactic Theory, Linguistics 250, S06, Department of Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania
http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~beatrice/250/

Dryer, M. S., & Haspelmath, M. (Eds.). (2013). The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthroplogy.
http://wals.info

Syntactic analysers

Syntactic analysis

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Semantics

Hébert, L., Le petit glossaire du sémanticien, Glossaires, Repères pour l’étude, Texto! Textes et cultures
http://www.revue-texto.net/Reperes/Glossaires/Glossaire_fr.html

Gezundhajt, H., Sémantique de la phrase, Sur les sentiers de la linguistique, Centre d’Études en Linguistique Française, Université de Toronto
http://www.linguistes.com/phrase/semantique.html

Lessard, G., La sémantique, Introduction à la linguistique française, Département d’Études Françaises, Queens University at Kingston
http://post.queensu.ca/~lessardg/Cours/215/chap8.html

Moeschler, J., Sémantique, Département de Linguistique, Université de Genève
https://sites.google.com/site/moeschlerjacques/enseignement/semantique

"What is a semantic role?", in Loos, E. E. (Ed.) Glossary of Linguistic Terms. Dallas: SIL International
http://www.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsASemanticRole.htm

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Pragmatics

IPra, International Pragmatics Association
http://ipra.ua.ac.be/

Marlett, S.A. (Ed.) Curso de semántica y pragmática general, SIL International
http://www.sil.org/training/capacitar/semantica/cursosemantica.stm

John L. Austin. Kemerling, G. Philosophy Pages
http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/aust.htm

H. Paul Grice. In Eliasmith, C. (Ed.) Dictionary of Philosophy of Mind, Washington University, St. Louis.
https://sites.google.com/site/minddict/grice-herbert-paul

John Searle, Department of Philosophy, University of California at Berkeley
http://socrates.berkeley.edu/~jsearle/

Dan Sperber, CEU, Budapest; Institut Nicod, Paris; International Cognition and Culture Institute
http://www.dan.sperber.fr/

Deirdre Wilson, Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Deirdre_Wilson

M. Victoria Escandell, Departamento de Lengua Española y Lingüística General, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid
http://portal.uned.es/portal/page?_pageid=93,694763&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL

Yus, F., Relevance Theory Online Bibliographic Service, Departament de Filologia Anglesa, Universitat d’Alacant
http://personal.ua.es/francisco.yus/rt.html

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Sociolinguistics

Links to sociolinguistics resources

Stockwell, P. (2002). Web links - Sociolinguistics. In Sociolinguistics. A resource book for students. London: Routledge. Retrieved from http://cw.routledge.com/textbooks/0415234530/links_sociol.html

General resources on sociolinguistics

Wolfram, W., Sociolinguistics, LSA Fields of Linguistics, Linguistic Society of America
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/resource/sociolinguistics

Thomason, S.G., Language Variation and Change, LSA Fields of Linguistics, Linguistics Society of America
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/resource/language-variation-and-change

Language variation

William Labov

Geographical variation

González Salgado, J.A., Atlas lingüísticos en Internet, Cartografía lingüística de Extremadura
http://www.geolectos.com/atlas.htm

Gender variation

IGALA, International Gender and Language Association
https://www.facebook.com/InternationalGenderandLanguageAssociationIGALA?fref=ts/Index.html

Moore, A., Language and Gender, Andrew Moore’s teaching resource site
http://www.universalteacher.org.uk/lang/gender.htm

Language contact

Winford, D., Languages in Contact, LSA Fields of Linguistics, Linguistics Society of America
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/resource/languages-contact

Valdés, G., Multilingualism, LSA Fields of Linguistics, Linguistics Society of America
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/resource/multilingualism

Language planning and language policy

Crawford, J., Language Policy Web Site
http://www.languagepolicy.net

Leclerc, J., L’aménagement linguistique dans le monde, Université Laval
http://www.axl.cefan.ulaval.ca/

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Language change

Thomason, S. G., Language Variation and Change, LSA Fields of Linguistics, Linguistics Society of America
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/resource/language-variation-and-change

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Linguistics


General Linguistics - Internet Resources
Joaquim Llisterri, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

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